《运动与健康科学》(英文版)
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Journal of Sport and Health Science  2017, Vol. 6 Issue (2): 146-153    DOI: 10.1016/j.jshs.2017.02.004
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Is changing footstrike pattern beneficial to runners?
Joseph Hamilla, Allison H. Gruberb
a Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA;
b Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
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Abstract Some researchers, running instructors, and coaches have suggested that the "optimal" footstrike pattern to improve performance and reduce running injuries is to land using a mid-or forefoot strike. Thus, it has been recommended that runners who use a rearfoot strike would benefit by changing their footstrike although there is little scientific evidence for suggesting such a change. The rearfoot strike is clearly more prevalent. The major reasons often given for changing to a mid-or forefoot strike are (1) it is more economical; (2) there is a reduction in the impact peak and loading rate of the vertical component of the ground reaction force; and (3) there is a reduction in the risk of a running-related injuries. In this paper, we critique these 3 suggestions and provide alternate explanations that may provide contradictory evidence for altering one's footstrike pattern. We have concluded, based on examining the research literature, that changing to a mid-or forefoot strike does not improve running economy, does not eliminate an impact at the foot-ground contact, and does not reduce the risk of running-related injuries.
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Key wordsEpidemiology   Footfall patterns   Forefoot   Ground reaction force   Impacts   Midfoot   Rearfoot   Running economy     
Published: 2017-04-11
Corresponding Authors: Joseph Hamill,E-mail address:jhamill@kin.umass.edu   
 E-mail: jhamill@kin.umass.edu
Cite this article:   
Joseph Hamill, Allison H. Gruber. Is changing footstrike pattern beneficial to runners?[J]. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2017, 6(2): 146-153.
 
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